But first Mawdudi had to vanquish the Muslim League, which he believed to be the sole impediment to his control of Muslim communal politics.
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They were afraid that their nascent party would be engulfed by the Pakistan movement. His ideological perspective was openly hostile to both capitalism and socialism.
Loczl received his early education in Urdu and Arabic, first at home and later in the traditional schools of Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Delhi. Committed to reforming Islam, Mawdudi had little tolerance for what he believed to be the latitudinarian tendencies of Sufism. He was taken to Lahore by units of the Pakistan army, where his struggle for the soul of Pakistan was revealed.
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A of Muslim religious and communal organizations, some of which remained nothing more than proposals, pointed to the importance of organizations for promoting Muslim political consciousness and communal interests. His insistence on distributing his works far and wide in this period was part of an effort to establish his claim to the leadership of the Muslims. Espionage Den,Nos. This division first became manifest as Mawdudi became more and more involved in Indian politics from onward.
The Medina community was not institutionalized in the structure of Islamic thought, nor in the body politic of the Islamicate.
By the Muslim predicament had become the focus of his life. He argued that Islam had no possibility of success as a religion or a civilization—which he argued was meant to be its fate and the reason for its cht Muslims removed the encumbrances of cultural accretion and tradition, rigorously reconstructed the pristine faith of the Prophet, and gained power.
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He increasingly looked to Islam for solutions and gradually adopted a revivalist approach. Again, the prosecution case has further been supported by the recovery two 8 mm empties from the place of appellant, blood stained earth and bqkhsh of the deceased. The real concept of the section 34 of PPC is that if two or more persons intentionally do an act tly, the position in law is just the same as if each of them has done it individually by himself.
There are forces which may bully you, tyrannize over you and intimidate hajj. Muslim theorists from al-Mawardi d. Apart from the above, the appellant just after the occurrence aex into hiding with no plausible explanation. The article was originally published in Mithaq 12, 2 August39—52; 12, 3 September33—56; 12, 5 November43—56; 12, 6 December33—56; 13, 2 February47— Although the Khilafat movement eventually lost its aim and collapsed following the abrogation of the Muslim caliphate by the Turkish government inits appeal and indefatigable organizational work captured the imagination of Muslims and anchored their politics in the search for an effective organization.
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It could not remain abstract for long. Still its considerable success in organizing Muslims did not go unnoticed by those who continued to struggle for the Muslim cause. Although Mawdudi knew this, he failed to appreciate illaahi need to draw a clear line between holy community and political party. He advocated complete obedience to Islamic law, narrowly interpreted. Mawdudi was not initially a revivalist; he simply wanted to solve the problems of his community.
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Many have concluded that Mawdudi therefore favored preserving the unity of India under Muslim rule, after a wide-scale conversion of the population to Islam, but this is not the case. Smith writes that Lenin replaced the working class with the party, as the vanguard without which the working class would be unable to gain political consciousness and become a revolutionary movement. Sx educated his children in the Islamic tradition, insulating them from the Western culture and mores that so influenced Indian intelligentsia.
Its notions of social action therefore have peculiar meanings and aims.
We differ in fundamental ways with the majority population…. His plan, much like those of his contemporaries, was initially set in the context of a united India. Khayri, Mawlana Azad Subhani or Mr. It would bring about change by expanding its own boundaries and waging a chag against the established order, but with the aim of winning over leaders rather than the toiling masses.
Therein novices can read the most valuable religious sources, and live in a pure environment. Mawdudi defined revolution as an irenic process, one which would occur once the leaders of the society were Islamized. In practice, however, Mawdudi always remained more wary of socialism than capitalism.
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Mawdudi argued that in order for his interpretation of Islam to grow roots and support an Islamic movement he had to form a tightly knit party. But the truth is that it is the best institution in Islam…. Mawdudi wrote and traveled extensively during this period, delivering numerous lectures on the relation of Islam to politics. The mechanisms and working of the process of change therefore remained less clearly defined, reducing its strength considerably. Thus, for applicability of section 34 PPC, necessary ingredients of common intention are the prior meeting of minds of accused to form a pre-arranged plan and some evidence to prove that accused in pursuance of pre-arranged plan has committed the criminal act.
The earliest organized expression of Muslim communalism, the Khilafat movement, to which Mawdudi belonged, collapsed in and with it the hopes and aspirations of the Muslims of India.
History and Development 1. While other residents lived spartan lives, Mawdudi maintained a separate house, a servant, and amenities not available to others. All his knowledge comes from Western laws and sources…. But, despite his ambivalence toward the esoteric dimension of Islam, in the Sufi order he saw a valuable organizational model: Sufis in Islam have a special form of organization…known as khanaqah. Political power was the measure and guarantor of the continued vitality of Islam.
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The sources for all references to U. Mawdudi had no confidence in their ability to realize Muslim goals, and he was even less sanguine about the prospects under the aegis of the smaller Muslim parties and organizations that cluttered lkcal political scene.
Amin Ahsan Islahi, too, was a strong contender for the position of amir. Calling the bluff of Muslim League leaders, who had continuously appealed to Islamic symbols to mobilize support for Pakistan, Mawdudi now demanded lilahi Islamic state where he had once dreamed of an Islamic empire. The Shuddhi campaign was an affront to Muslim articles of faith and by implication challenged the place of Islam in India.
It was not clear whether Muslims were supposed to take refuge in the spiritual promise of the holy community and withdraw from Indian society, or whether they were to immerse themselves in social action with the hope of reversing the fortunes of their beleaguered community.